235 181
Full Length Article
American Journal of Business and Operations Research
Volume 7 , Issue 1, PP: 53-61 , 2022 | Cite this article as | XML | Html |PDF


Osteoporosis in Female Athletes

Authors Names :   Raja Habib   1 *     Irsa Sajjad   2     Tehniat Asif   3  

1  Affiliation :  Department of Computer Sciences - IBADAT International University Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan

    Email :  raja.habib@se.iiui.edu.pk

2  Affiliation :   Department of Management Sciences - IBADAT International University Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan ;Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Central South University Changsha, Hunan, China

    Email :  irsasajjad@yahoo.com

3  Affiliation :  Department of Diet and Nutritional Science, IBADAT International University Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan

    Email :  Tehniat Asif

Doi   :   https://doi.org/10.54216/AJBOR.070105

Received: March 16, 2022 Accepted: June 30, 2022

Abstract :

Osteoporosis affects millions of women around the world, but female athletes are at particular risk. These female athletes are at a higher risk due to the stress of their intensive workouts than the overall female population. In female athletes, the absence or suppression of menstruation results in a low peak bone mass, which weakens their bones. Combined with their physical activity, this domino effect dramatically increases their risk of stress fractures. Increased understanding of the dangers of osteoporosis may help female athletes avoid or decrease the symptoms of the disease. The purpose of this study is to educate female athletes on the need for ssreening the techniques for identifying and treating this disease.

Keywords :

Osteoporosis; Female Athletes.

References :

[1] Lucariello, A., et. al., Naples Italy (2019). The female athlete triad. Journal of Sport Science 12 (2019) 1; 99-


[2] Monica K.T and Jorunn S.B., Oslo, Norway (2005). The Female Athlete Triad: Are Elite Athletes Increased

Risk? Journal of med. sci. sports. Exercise. 37(2); 184-193

[3] Robert-McComb, J. J., & Cisneros, A. Texas U.S (2014). The female athletic triad: Disordered eating,

amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. Journal of the Active Female, 2014(01); 177-190.

[4] Selma Arzu Vardar. et. al., Turkey (2005). Prevalence of the female athlete triad in edirne, Turkey. Journal of

Sports Science and Medicine (2005) 4; 550-555.

[5] Srinivas Pentyala.et.al., (2013). Osteoporosis in female athletes. International Journal of Clinical Therapeutics

and Diagnosis 1(1); 5-13.

[6] Teodora, D and Associate Professor Ph.D., Academy of Economic Studies, Department of Physical

Education and Sport Bucharest, Romania. (2011). OSTEOPOROSIS, prevent and treat through sport. Indian

Journal of Applied Research, 4(4), 222–224.

[7] Torstveit, M. K., & Sundgot-Borgen, J. (2005). The female athlete triad: are elite athletes at increased risk?

Jounal of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(2); 184– 193.

[8] Vu H. Nguyen, Ze Wang and Stephanie M. Okamura., Columbia (2014). Osteoporosis Health Beliefs of

Women with Increased Risk of the Female Athlete Triad. Journal of osteoporosis (2014); 1-5

[9] Zavatta, G., & Clarke, B. L. (2020). Premenopausal osteoporosis: Focus on the female athlete triad. Case

reports in women's health, 2(29), 276.

Cite this Article as :
Raja Habib , Irsa Sajjad , Tehniat Asif, Osteoporosis in Female Athletes, American Journal of Business and Operations Research, Vol. 7 , No. 1 , (2022) : 53-61 (Doi   :  https://doi.org/10.54216/AJBOR.070105)