International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science

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2571-1075ISSN (Online)

BIM-based stakeholder information exchange (IE) during the planning phase in smart construction megaprojects (SCMPs)

Ayman Mashali , Ahmed El tantawi

Purpose – Information plays a significant role in managing construction projects. The architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry encounter a massive information exchange (IE) challenge. This study aims to develop a BIM-based stakeholder information exchange (IE) workflow scheme during the planning phase in smart construction megaprojects (SCMPs) that faces a massive IE challenge, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach – To accomplish the above stated goal, a research approach including a literature analysis, case studies, and survey questions was developed. Based on the aforementioned, the study created a BIM-based IE workflow to simplify the implementation of IM in SCMPs. Findings – This study has yielded an extensive insight into the types of information exchange, difficulties, and ways to its hand over. In the context of CMPs, The research conceptualised BIM&SM synergy and proposed IE Workflow strategy during the planning phase in MCPs. However, IE needs to be planned from the beginning of the process, agreed upon between different parties, tested, and verified. Research limitations – The scope of this research is limited to the SCMPs during the planning phase. Practical implications – This study contributes to the developing body of knowledge addressing the application of BIM& IE synergy during the planning phase in SCMPs. The outcomes of this research will be beneficial for clients, contractors, and project managers, when taking into account in future plans. Originality/value – This study provides contributes to understanding information flow during the project planning phase and how to control it properly. Generally, the deliverables of this study could be utilized by professionals engageded in BIM and SM practices on SCMPs to enlightens and enhance information exchange and the utilization of the produced information throughout the entire process.

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Vol. 5 Issue. 1 PP. 08-19, (2022)

Submitting BIM to the Educational Plan for the Faculty of Architecture According to NARS and ARS Standards.

Eisa Al Hammoud , Sonia Ahmed

Building Information Modeling (BIM) has imposed itself as a powerful engineering and technological tool over time. It's even become mandatory in some countries (UK) and is gradually gaining more and more awareness worldwide. Although that, BIM education is still a new concept even in some countries that are already implementing it in their various engineering and construction projects. This research aims to conclude with an educational plan and curricula for the faculty of architecture that contains BIM as the core of it. The methodology used in this research is the online-structured questionnaire, distributed to students and staff of the faculty of architecture at Al-Baath University which is the case study of this research. Architecture faculty undergraduates and graduates with different degrees were surveyed by an online-structured questionnaire, and the results of the questionnaire were gathered and analyzed using google forms. This study concludes with the proposed modified plan and curricula for the previously mentioned faculty in the light of the theoretical study, questionnaire results, and similar experiences around the world. This new plan is expected to prepare a new generation of architects who are High-tech qualified and fully aware of BIM and its general ideas, which makes it easier for these architects to emerge within the job market and fulfill AEC firms' requirements of course this would also help to promote the university's reputation and help to spread BIM education among other local universities and also to other engineering competencies.

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Vol. 5 Issue. 1 PP. 20-40, (2022)

Engineering Training and its Importance for Building Information Modelling

Hala Salami , Kheder Alothman

The AEC industry in Syria is facing different issues, such as poor management and performance, and the increase in costs of change orders due to the poor implementation on site. These reasons made the issue of training engineers an urgent demand to become qualified to enter the engineering labor market and help implement the construction projects the right way, especially that the reconstruction phase might take place in the near future. In the last decades, BIM proved to be of  a great help for engineering projects for it can integrate work withing projects and help engineers in all the project phases to introduce sound models and documentation with less time and more efficiency.  In this article, a survey has been used to measure different parts of engineering work reality to know how it would serve Syrian engineers in applying modern technologies and methodologies, like BIM, in their projects. This research would provide more knowledge about the engineering reality in Syrian companies, and thus it would open the door for preparing plans and strategies to get the Syrian companies more involved in adopting new technologies and methodologies, especially BIM, in their projects and training. The research showed that Syrian educational bodies need to allocate more time and effort to qualify engineers and help them keep up to date with the latest technologies. Also, Institutes are taking a huge amount of time to implement the digital transformation. All that is due to the lack of engineering and technological knowledge and experience that is influencing the AEC sector in Syria, where most engineers didn’t experience working in new-technology-and-methodology-based projects. This research is a sample from the work that is being done to survey greater segments from all the Syrian governorates, with the analysis of the engineering training and its importance in adopting BIM and digital modeling.

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Vol. 5 Issue. 1 PP. 41-60, (2022)

Adopting Risk Management Professional Methodologies as an Effective Strategy to Protect Heritage Sites in Syria

Nesrine M. Roumieh , Sonia Ahmed

Located at the crossroads of the Mediterranean with Nine millennia of civilization; Syria has had a rich, diverse, and stunning cultural legacy. There is an imperative to assess the current situation of Syrian heritage and develop a comprehensive and effective risk plan to protect this spectacular legacy due to the Syrian war. Considering each site as a single project, and adopting Risk Management Professional Methodologies as have been stated by Project Management Institute "PMI," we can effectively achieve valuable objectives through the following processes: 1) Plan Risk Management to develop the overall risk management strategy, 2) Identify Risks: Risk cannot be managed unless it is first identified, 3) Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis: To assess and evaluate characteristics of individually identified risks and prioritize them, 4) Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis for the most and critical sites, 5)  Plan Risk Responses to determine the set of actions and put strategies for both Threats and Opportunities, 6) Monitor Risks to ensure the risks plans are executed at the appropriate time and evaluate their effectiveness

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Vol. 5 Issue. 1 PP. 61-72, (2022)

Proposing a methodology to measure and develop BIM maturity in Syria

Aya Amino , Sonia Ahmad

In the last decade, the projects of the Architectural, Engineering, and Construction Industry (AEC) in Syria faced endless difficulties and problems, in addition to the intense competition between the construction sector companies. This prompted many companies to want to adopt best practices to reach their goals, therefore any work organization should have a clear vision of what it wants to achieve, for what purpose, and how? Building Information Modeling (BIM) around the world has proven its ability to solve all the problems facing engineering projects. Unfortunately, AEC companies despite all that great value did not use BIM. For many reasons, mainly: there is no comprehensive descriptive approach that explains how to apply it and a mechanism that shows how to measure and develop it within companies, in addition to their fear of adopting modern technologies that push them to need new engineering competencies because of not realizing its importance. The purpose of this research is to propose a methodology to measure and develop BIM maturity in Syria in general. In addition, to assess the level of maturity of our institutional BIM through the BIMM maturity matrix in particular. This is done by applying the most important models for measuring maturity around the world on a number of Syrian AEC companies in the private and public sectors. Analyzing the performance of BIM in it, comparing the results, and assessing the level of institutional maturity. Then conducting analyses and comparisons based on these conclusions and making additional recommendations and proposals to develop the matrix in accordance with practical reality in order to reach the optimal and integrated level for construction projects

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Vol. 5 Issue. 1 PP. 73-89, (2022)