International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science

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2571-1075ISSN (Online)

Integration of Building Information Modeling and Project Management Process

Haretha Aljabr , Mohammed Ali

The construction industry has witnessed significant technological advancements in recent years, with Building Information Modelling (BIM) emerging as a pivotal innovation. BIM's integration with Project Management (PM) is recognized as a transformative approach that can potentially enhance efficiency, accuracy, and collaboration within the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. This paper explores the integration of BIM and PM, focusing on identifying the challenges and benefits inherent in this convergence. The primary aim is to understand how the synergistic use of BIM and PM can be optimized to improve project outcomes in the construction sector. As the industry evolves, understanding these dynamics becomes crucial for stakeholders aiming to leverage technological advancements for optimal project delivery. The research problem central to this study stems from the observed gaps and challenges in effectively integrating BIM with PM practices. While BIM offers a multidimensional, collaborative framework for construction projects, its full potential is often unrealized due to various implementation challenges. These challenges include technical issues, lack of standardization, and resistance to change within organizational cultures. Recognizing the importance of this integration, the study sets out to answer key research questions revolving around the current state of BIM and PM integration, the main challenges faced, and the potential strategies for effective implementation. The objectives include a detailed analysis of the current practices in BIM implementation, identification of the barriers to effective integration, and proposing a framework that can enhance the synergy between BIM and PM. The methodology employed in this research involves a comprehensive literature review, followed by a survey-based approach to gather data from industry professionals. This data provides insights into the practical aspects of BIM and PM integration and helps in identifying the key factors that influence project success in the context of this integration. This paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge by providing a nuanced understanding of the complexities and potential of integrating BIM and PM. It aims to offer a strategic framework that can guide practitioners and stakeholders in effectively navigating the challenges and leveraging the benefits of this integration for enhanced project performance in the AEC industry.

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Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 08-17, (2024)

Developing a Model to Improve the Efficiency of Maintenance Management for Service Buildings Using BIM and Power BI: A Case Study

Mais Subra , Fayez Jrad , Sanaa AL Mezawy

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(2007),Generic Process Model for Maintenance Management of School Buildings, Malaysia University, 92p [9] Chanter, B; Swallow. (2007) . Building Maintenance Management. 2nd. Blackwell Publishing. USA, 313p. [10]  Abdulateef ,O.A. (2008). Building Maintenance in Malaysia.207-214.10 [11] Abdel Sabour, Manar. Hosni, Abdul Hadi. Issawi, Ahmed. Naseer, Ibrahim. (2009), Maintenance of residential facilities in the Arab Republic of Egypt between reality and hopes. Doctoral thesis at Ain Shams University. 472 pages. [12] Akcamete, A; Akinci, B.  (2010). Potential Utilization of Building Information Models for PlanningMaintenance Activity. Carnegie Mellon University, USA,7P. [13] Al-Nadawi, Abdul Aziz. (2011). Business Intelligence is an advanced methodology for developing administrative processes in business organizations. Journal of Financial and Commercial Studies, Issue 2, 26 pages. (Arabic version) [14] Hadad,Ruba, ; Hassan, Bassam. (2011), Developing a methodology to analyze the factors affecting the maintenance costs of hospitals, Master’s thesis, Tishreen University, 115 pages. (Arabic version) [15] Eastman, C; Teicholz, P; Sacks, R; & Liston, K,(2011). BIM handbook: A guide to building information modeling for owners, managers, designers, engineers and contractors, John Wiley & Sons15 [16] Wang, Y; Chen, H. (2011). A 3-dimensional Visualized Approach for Maintenance and Management of Facilities. Information and Computational Technology, 468-47516... [17] Choka ,D.G. (2012);Study on The Impact of Management System on Maintenance Condition of Built Facilities(Case Study of Public Universities in Kenya).June , ,76p17 [18] Abdel Rahman, Hisham. Eid, Muhammad. Abdul Karim. (2013), A proposed methodology for the maintenance of basic general buildings in Egypt. Assiut University Journal of Engineering Sciences, Volume 41, Issue 1, January 257-289. (Arabic version)18 [19] Lopes,I, H.(2016). Requirements Specification of a Computerized Maintenance Management System-Case Study268-273. [20] Al-Hassan, Basil; Jarad, Fayez. (2016), Improving maintenance management for government buildings using building information modeling (BIM) techniques, Master’s thesis, Tishreen University, 133 pages(Arabic version) [21] Ibrahim, Reham. Arja, Muhammad. (2017). Developing a system to manage the school building maintenance process based on performance indicators. Master's thesis, Tishreen University, 164 pages(Arabic version) [22] Ahmed, Sonia; Saleem, Omar (2018), The Way to BIM, Guide for Individuals and Companies, Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah for Publishing and Distribution, 151 pages. (Arabic version). [23] Shaban, M.H. and Elhendawi, A.,( 2018). Building Information Modeling in Syria: Obstacles and Requirements for Implementation. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 1(1). [24] Yusof, N., Ishak, S. & Doheim, R., 2018. An Exploratory Study of Building Information Modelling Maturity in the Construction Industry. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 1(1), pp. 6-19. [25] Elhendawi, A.I.N., 2018. Methodology for BIM Implementation in KSA in AEC Industry. Master of                 Science MSc in Construction Project Management), Edinburgh Napier University, UK.   [26] Elhendawi, A., Omar, H., Elbeltagi, E. and Smith, A.,( 2019). Practical approach for paving the way to motivate BIM non-users to adopt BIM. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 2(2), pp.1-22. [27] Banawi, A., Aljobaly, O., & Ahiable, C. (2019). A comparative review of building information modeling frameworks. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 2(2), 23-48. [28] Elhendawi, A., Smith, A. & Elbeltagi, E., 2019. Methodology for BIM implementation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 2(1), pp. 1-21. [29] Al-Hassan, Basil; Omran, Jamal, Jarad, Fayez. (2019), Developing a system to support maintenance decisions in service buildings with an integrated methodology between knowledge management and BIM, PhD thesis, Tishreen University, 171 p. (Arabic version) [30] Al-Mazawi, Sanaa; Jarad, Fayez. Mia, Rana.(2019). Proposing a model for monitoring and evaluating the actual performance of managing the building maintenance process in public universities according to the theory of balanced performance (the case of Tishreen University) Tishreen University Journal, Engineering Sciences, Volume (41), Issue 4, 317-339. (Arabic version) [31] Morais ,G.A ; Casado,A.(2019). Building Maintenances Management Activities in A Public Institution . University de Pernambuco , Brazil .October,85-103 . [32]  Al-Mazawi, Sanaa; Jarad, Fayez. Mia, Rana. (2020). Improving the efficiency of maintenance management in public universities through evaluating actual performance. Master's thesis, Tishreen University, 180 pages [33] Hamma-adama, M., Kouider, T. & Salman, H., ( 2020). Analysis of barriers and drivers for BIM adoption. International journal of BIM and engineering science, 3(1), pp. 18-41. [34] Salamah, Taher, Shibani, Abdussalam, Alothman, Kheder: Improving AEC Project Performance in Syria Through the Integration of Earned Value Management System and Building Information Modelling: A Case Study, International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp:75. [35] Safour, R., Ahmed, S. & Zaarour, B., (2021). BIM Adoption around the World. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 4(2), pp. 49-63. [36] Zaarour, B. & Maihoub, N.(2021). Effect of needle diameters on the diameter of electro spun PVDF nanofibers. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, pp. 26-32. [37] Salami, H. & Alothman, K.,( 2022). Engineering Training and its Importance for Building Information Modelling. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 5(1), pp. 41-60 [38] Roumieh, N. & Ahmed, S. (2022). Adopting Risk Management Professional Methodologies as an Effective Strategy to Protect Heritage Sites in Syria, International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp: 61-72. [39] Saada, M. & Aslan, H. (2022). The effectiveness of applying BIM in increasing the accuracy of estimating quantities for public facilities rehabilitation projects in Syria after the war, International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 5(2), pp: 08-18 [40] Mashali, A. & El tantawi, A.,( 2022). BIM-based stakeholder information exchange (IE) during the planning phase in smart construction megaprojects (SCMPs). International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 5(1), pp. 08-19. [41] Dalloul. F. & Saod. Lama,( 2023). Proposing a framework for introducing the concept of engineering digitization to develop curricula: case study - Tishreen University, Faculty of Civil Engineering. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science (IJBES) Vol. 06, No. 01, PP. 34-51, 2023 [42] Al Mezawy,S; Jrad,F;Maya,R.(2023).Methodology to Improve Efficiency of Maintenance Management for Service Building Using Business Intelligence .Damascus University Journal for The Engineering Sciences ,12. [43] Saleh ,F, H., Elhendawi , A Darwish.A,S. and Farell, P.,( 2024). An ICT-based Framework for Innovative Integration between BIM and Lean Practices Obtaining Smart Sustainable Cities. Al-Rasheed International Private University International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 2(2), pp.68-75. [44] Fawaz Saleh, Ashraf Elhendawi, Abdul Salam Darwish, Peter Farrell. (2024). A Framework                 for Leveraging the Incorporation of AI, BIM, and IoT to Achieve Smart Sustainable                  Cities. Journal of Journal of Intelligent Systems and Internet of Things, 11 (2), 75-                84 (Doi:   [45] Evans, M., Farrell, P., Elbeltagi, E., Mashali, A. and Elhendawi, A., 2020. Influence of partnering agreements associated with BIM adoption on stakeholder's behaviour in construction mega-projects. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 3(1), pp.1-20 [46] Elgendi, A.F., Elhendawi, A., Youssef, W.M.M. and Darwish, A.S., 2021. The                Vulnerability of the Construction Ergonomics to Covid-19 and Its Probability Impact in                 Combating the Virus. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 4(1), pp.01-                  19. [47] Ahmed, S., Dlask, P., Selim, O. and Elhendawi, A., 2018. BIM Performance Improvement Framework for Syrian AEC Companies. International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science, 1(1), pp.21-41

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Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 18-30, (2024)

A New Approach to Enhance Smart City Applications Through Integrating GIS & BIM Technology

Bushra Kheirbek , Rana Maya

The research deals with the study and analysis of smart cities, the requirements for their establishment, and the role of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in building sustainable, energy-efficient smart cities. The primary objective is to put a smart city transformation methodology and apply it on Lattakia city as a case study, using Building Information Modeling (BIM). We proposed new tools in an integrated methodology to transform from ordinary to smart city, and implemented basics of its objects, including GIS/BIM technologies integration, insuring both sustainable and energy saving vision at general planning designs. Implementing the chosen methodology steps at an organized area in Syria – Lattakia City, starting with building an accurate geodatabase, then, obtaining Sun Shadow Frequency analysis, which shows that December contains the highest shade values, with cumulative coverage rate 79.84%, while June instead contain the lowest shade value, reaching only 33.84%. But in general, most of the area has shade coverage that does not exceed 15% most of the day, therefore no need to make an adjustment to the distribution of building blocks. After that, in order to secure the energy needed for the study Area, analyzing the Land Surface Temperature (LST) done using the ArcGIS Pro® software, and locating a renewable energy station site (solar plant). On the other hand, analyzing a residential building energy through annual PV analysis has been done, by using Revit® software through Insight™ extension, with two cases: first one, building without changing building material, while second one done after changing building material to save solar energy inside and rising roof slope up to 10%, and we achieve valuable energy savings by applying this modification to building material. And finally, introducing the infrastructure underground network, that serving transformation to smart city.

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Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 31-46, (2024)

Enhancing the Syrian Construction Industry through Augmented Reality: Applications and Challenges

Mirna Hammoudi , Abdussalam Shibani

The Syrian construction industry faces numerous challenges that hinder its efficiency and productivity, including outdated practices and a lack of modern technological integration. This study explores the potential of Augmented Reality (AR) to enhance industry practices through a descriptive analytical approach using surveys and case studies. Key findings indicate a growing awareness and favorable perception of AR among construction professionals, pinpointing substantial benefits such as enhanced project visualization, safety, and resource management. Despite these positives, significant barriers such as technological infrastructure and expertise gaps limit AR's widespread adoption. The study concludes that AR offers significant potential to revolutionize the Syrian construction industry, recommending focused governmental and private sector investment in technological training and infrastructure to leverage these benefits fully. These findings suggest that AR could be pivotal in transforming construction practices in emerging markets like Syria

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Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 47-57, (2024)

Proposal for temporary safety facilities for fall protection using 4DBIM to meet OSHA standards

Dima Salameh , Lama Saoud

Temporary Safety Facilities (TSFs) constitute a vital support infrastructure ensuring the safety of workers throughout construction operations, with the overarching goal of averting accidents onsite; However, the schedule and location of installation and dismantling of technical support facilities is still based on work experience, and is often omitted from official drawings or documents. This leads to thousands of accidents in the construction sector, especially in small and midsize construction enterprises construction firms due to many limiting factors; Therefore, this study proposes automatic workspace planning for temporary safety facilities (in our case guardrails for fall protection) based on construction activities, which is a structured approach for SMEs working in construction to practice Occupational Health and Safety (OHSA). By employing Building Information Modeling (BIM), safety facilities can be simulated and visually incorporated into the assigned workspace. Utilizing 4D-BIM, the devised system facilitated the installation of temporary safety features, such as fall protection railings, which underwent validation via a case study involving a mall project. The results indicated that integrating temporary safety facilities with the model enhances comprehension of safety protocols throughout project execution. Additionally, temporary facility workspace planning provides an affordable approach that stimulates safety practices; Thus, significantly enhancing the management effectiveness of construction safety measures

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Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 58-68, (2024)