International Journal of BIM and Engineering Science

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2571-1075ISSN (Online)

Incorporating BIM into the Academic Curricula of Faculties of Architecture within the Framework of Standards for Engineering Education

Lara Raad , Rana Maya , Petr Dlask

Governments and the architectural, engineering, and construction industry (AEC) around the world have paid great attention to the application of Building Information Modeling in their projects due to the many advantages it offers, which called on educational institutions to include BIM in their curricula and to qualify new graduates with the competencies and expertise necessary to keep pace with development and to supply the cadres of AEC companies.This research presents educational frameworks and current approaches to integrating BIM into educational curricula around the world, and critical success factors for integrating BIM into education. In this research, an educational BIM framework was proposed based on the research and studies presented in the BIM and Education field and a detailed work plan based on engineering standards (ABET – NARS) for the BIM integrating process in the Faculty of Architecture - Damascus University. The work plan was based on a gradual transition for BIM integration, starting from the first year to the fifth year within three levels.The proposed framework was verified by the academics at the Faculty of Architecture - Damascus University through conducting qualitative interviews to evaluate and improve the framework Comments were taken into account when developing the final proposal. At the end of the research, many recommendations and future directions were presented.

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Vol. 6 Issue. 2 PP. 08-28, (2023)

PV-glass interfaces for the Syndicate of Engineers building in Latakia

Yara Drebati , Doha Jdeed , Bilal Zaarour

Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPVs) systems are a promising and innovative technology that has gained significant attention in the last decade. These systems aid buildings in meeting their energy demands, thereby addressing the rising energy needs. This case study was conducted on the Engineers Association Branch in Latakia.The experimental method was used to calculate the needed electrical loads, it was found that replacing 74m² of south-facing traditional glass windows of the Syndicate of Engineers building, with polycrystalline photovoltaic windows (P-Si), will produce 59.2 kilowatts, which is a sufficient amount to cover the total electrical load for the lighting and the operating office equipment, this mean to have a zero-energy building over a period of 30 to 35 years, in addition to save 65000kg of CO2 for the 30 later years. This study is particularly important in Syria's reconstruction phase, which will involve the construction of numerous tower buildings with large glass facades, where space for installing solar panels may be limited on the roofs, Therefore, the integration of solar panels in the facades is the ideal solution to cover the needed loads.

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Vol. 6 Issue. 2 PP. 29-38, (2023)

Application of Artificial Intelligence Tools with BIM Technology in Construction Management: Literature Review

Ali Louai Mostafa , Mohamed Ali Mohamed , Sonia Ahmed , Waleed Mahfouz M. A. Youssef

Nowadays, the construction sector industry energizes all other industries to diversify their service areas, nonetheless this sector needs to keep leading with technological developments. Following the adoption of Building Information Modeling technology (BIM), the construction projects has become more controlled and coordinated, which has contributed to improve productivity rates and to rationalize resources usage. This research is studied the developments in construction, especially technologies that adopt artificial intelligence (AI) with BIM technology such as machine learning, Augmented Reality techniques (AR), digital assistants, robots, automatic planning, scheduling, and optimization. These techniques can be used during design and construction stages to improve collaborative processes that have become a cornerstone of BIM technologies, as well as financial control and scheduling. Through using BIM, the construction industry can adopt AI technologies like autonomous systems and rely on machine learning in project management to access AI-based project self-management.

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Vol. 6 Issue. 2 PP. 39-54, (2023)

Quality Assurance of Construction Design and Contractual Phases in Syria Within BIM Environment: A Case study

Dalia Yasser Rudwan , Rana Maya , Natalija Lepkova

Globally, the Quality Management System Research in the construction sector has not received sufficient attention compared to the industrial sector. The modern construction industry is known as complex due to magnitude of the projects on one hand, and the diversity of the works included in the project, on the other hand. The establishment of projects is no longer limited to the implementation of a few types of work or activities in the project. However, it is increasing in response to the overall technical and urban development of life, and to the increasing requirements of the beneficiaries of these projects. Projects nowadays are integrated and complex systems of different works and contracts, which are connected with each other to perform the overall function of the project, which, in return, has evolved as well as its qualitative content. This research aims to improve the quality of design, and contracting phase of the State Company for Engineering Studies in Damascus’s projects, by examining the current reality of practices and methods in quality management during the designing stages and pointing out its weaknesses. Determining the factors affecting the quality of the contractual phase of the company, through a survey published online. Twenty-two engineers working in the company have responded. It was estimated that the company's realities and the extent to which the employees understood the importance of quality.  Through this research, a system of procedures was proposed to ensure the quality of design and contractual phases with ISO 9001: 2015 Integrate it with building information modelling technology that addresses or overcomes current problems. Using BIM provides an effective means to increase the overall quality of the company's projects.

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Vol. 6 Issue. 2 PP. 55-73, (2023)

BIM in infrastructure projects

Khachig Kalajian , Sonia Ahmed , Waleed M. A. Youssef

Building Information Modeling (BIM) has made one of the most significant and fundamental enhancements in the construction industry and has led to more in-depth collaboration among project stakeholders. Large infrastructure projects differ from other construction projects, mainly because of size, location, levels of interfacing, complexity, and time frame. Coordinating such intense projects challenge, particularly across multiple teams and numerous stakeholders However, Building Information Modeling (BIM) helped to resolve some of these difficulties by facilitating a collaborative environment. BIM for infrastructure projects helps ensure the efficiency and accuracy of large-scale infrastructure projects design and implementation phases, in addition to the management of these projects. This research is aimed to explore the benefits and importance of implementing BIM in an infrastructure project for stakeholders through analyzing Five international projects and investigating how the utilization of BIM enhanced the processes during projects’ stages from design, construction, and operation. It was found that, amongst the various obstacles of implementing BIM practices the prime factor is the rarity of qualified BIM personnel in construction field; however, the near future promises to use BIM systems on a large scale in infrastructure projects.

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Vol. 6 Issue. 2 PP. 74-87, (2023)