560 260
Full Length Article
International Journal of Neutrosophic Science
Volume 18 , Issue 3, PP: 111-124 , 2022 | Cite this article as | XML | Html |PDF


The Regulation and Influence of Physical Exercise on Human Body's Neutrosophic Set, Respiratory System and Nervous System

Authors Names :   Abedallah Zaid Abualkishik   1 *     Sundus Naji AL-Aziz   2  

1  Affiliation :  American University in the Emirates, UAE

    Email :  abedallah.abualkishik@aue.ae

2  Affiliation :  Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    Email :  snalaziz@pnu.edu.sa

Doi   :   https://doi.org/10.54216/IJNS.1803010

Received: February 02, 2022 Accepted: April 21, 2022

Abstract :

The goal of this paper studying the influence of physical exercise (PE) on the human body. Physical exercise plays a vital role in the nervous system and respiratory due it has significant importance. The PE present a benefit in all functions in the body human. But if PE is not regular, it presents a high risk in humans, and humans are not safe when practices it. The impact of PE has many criteria and sub-criteria, which is complex and conflict criteria. So, the multi-criteria decision-making method is present for overcoming this problem. This problem contains incomplete and vague information. So, the neutrosophic sets are used for overcoming uncertainty. The Decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) method is a powerful tool for the present the importance and influence criteria on others. So DEMATEL integrated with neutrosophic sets for analyzing and influence regular PE in body human-like nervous systems. An illustrative example was conducted to show the outcome of this method.   

Keywords :

DEMATEL; Nervous system; Respiratory system; neutrosophic

References :

[1] D. Yang, Y. Yang, Y. Li, and R. Han, “Physical exercise as therapy for type 2 diabetes mellitus: From

mechanism to orientation,” Ann. Nutr. Metab., vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 313–321, 2019.

[2] Y. Wu, Y. Ding, and H. Xu, “Comprehensive fuzzy evaluation model for body physical exercise risk,”

in International Conference on Life System Modeling and Simulation, 2007, pp. 227–235.

[3] X. Jouven, J.-P. Empana, P. J. Schwartz, M. Desnos, D. Courbon, and P. Ducimetière, “Heart-rate

profile during exercise as a predictor of sudden death,” N. Engl. J. Med., vol. 352, no. 19, pp. 1951–

1958, 2005.

[4] M. A. F. Singh, “Exercise comes of age: rationale and recommendations for a geriatric exercise

prescription,” Journals Gerontol. Ser. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci., vol. 57, no. 5, pp. M262–M282, 2002.

[5] W. Ji, M. Luo, B. Cao, Y. Zhu, Y. Geng, and B. Lin, “A new method to study human metabolic rate

changes and thermal comfort in physical exercise by CO2 measurement in an airtight chamber,” Energy

Build., vol. 177, pp. 402–412, 2018.

[6] D. C. Nieman and L. M. Wentz, “The compelling link between physical activity and the body’s defense

system,” J. Sport Heal. Sci., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 201–217, 2019.

[7] Y.-S. Jee, “Acquired immunity and moderate physical exercise: 5th series of scientific evidence,” J.

Exerc. Rehabil., vol. 17, no. 1, p. 2, 2021.

[8] S. P. Wanner, K. A. Costa, A. D. N. Soares, V. N. Cardoso, and C. C. Coimbra, “Physical

exercise-induced changes in the core body temperature of mice depend more on ambient temperature

than on exercise protocol or intensity,” Int. J. Biometeorol., vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 1077–1085, 2014.

[9] R. J. Bloomer et al., “Nutrient intake and physical exercise significantly impact physical performance,

body composition, blood lipids, oxidative stress, and inflammation in male rats,” Nutrients, vol. 10, no.

8, p. 1109, 2018.

[10] G. Musumeci, “The use of vibration as physical exercise and therapy,” J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol.,

vol. 2, no. 2, p. 17, 2017.

[11] B. Chang, C.-W. Chang, and C.-H. Wu, “Fuzzy DEMATEL method for developing supplier selection

criteria,” Expert Syst. Appl., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 1850–1858, 2011.

[12] W.-W. Wu and Y.-T. Lee, “Developing global managers’ competencies using the fuzzy DEMATEL

method,” Expert Syst. Appl., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 499–507, 2007.

[13] J.-I. Shieh, H.-H. Wu, and K.-K. Huang, “A DEMATEL method in identifying key success factors of

hospital service quality,” Knowledge-Based Syst., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 277–282, 2010.

[14] S. Opricovic and G.-H. Tzeng, “Compromise solution by MCDM methods: A comparative analysis of

VIKOR and TOPSIS,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol. 156, no. 2, pp. 445–455, 2004.

[15] A. Kumar et al., “A review of multi criteria decision making (MCDM) towards sustainable renewable

energy development,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 69, pp. 596–609, 2017.

[16] S.-H. Tsaur, T.-Y. Chang, and C.-H. Yen, “The evaluation of airline service quality by fuzzy MCDM,”

Tour. Manag., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 107–115, 2002.

[17] G.-H. Tzeng, C.-H. Chiang, and C.-W. Li, “Evaluating intertwined effects in e-learning programs: A

novel hybrid MCDM model based on factor analysis and DEMATEL,” Expert Syst. Appl., vol. 32, no.

4, pp. 1028–1044, 2007.

[18] F. Smarandache, “Neutrosophic set-a generalization of the intuitionistic fuzzy set,” Int. J. pure Appl.

Math., vol. 24, no. 3, p. 287, 2005.

[19] A. A. Salama and S. A. Alblowi, “Neutrosophic set and neutrosophic topological spaces,” IOSR J.

Math., vol. 3, no. 4, 2012.

[20] H. Wang, F. Smarandache, Y. Zhang, and R. Sunderraman, Single valued neutrosophic sets. Infinite

study, 2010.

Cite this Article as :
Abedallah Zaid Abualkishik , Sundus Naji AL-Aziz, The Regulation and Influence of Physical Exercise on Human Body's Neutrosophic Set, Respiratory System and Nervous System, International Journal of Neutrosophic Science, Vol. 18 , No. 3 , (2022) : 111-124 (Doi   :  https://doi.org/10.54216/IJNS.1803010)