International Journal of Neutrosophic Science

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2690-6805ISSN (Online) 2692-6148ISSN (Print)

Extended Uncertainty Principle for Inventory Control: An Updated Review of Environments and Applications

Ankit Dubey , Ranjan Kumar

This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation and categorization of the various uncertain environment employed by researchers and scientists to model and analyze inventory management systems in diverse sectors, including healthcare, supply chain, and routing issues. Additionally, it examines the challenges associated with the classical inventory model and introduces the concepts of fuzzy theory and the extended fuzzy principle in inventory management. The article presents important definitions related to fuzzy theory, including the fuzzy inventory model and its challenges. It also explores the applications of the extended fuzzy principle in real-life problems. The study focuses on inventory management under the extended fuzzy principle (Intuitionistic, Neutrosophic, Pythagorean, and so on), considering uncertain demand and imprecise data. The research contributes to the field by providing insights into the potential of fuzzy theory in overcoming the challenges of classical models and improving decision-making in inventory management.

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Vol. 21 Issue. 4 PP. 08-20, (2023)

New certain classes of Generalized Neutrosophic Mappings and Their Applications

Alaa M. F. AL. Jumaili

The main objective of the present this article is to apply another generalized form of neutrosophic open sets namely,neutrosophic δ-ß-open sets to introduce and study a completely description for another new concept of generalized neutrosophic continuous maps namely, neutrosophic δ-ß-continuous maps in neutrosophic topological spaces. Several of the fundamental properties related to this kind of neutrosophic continuous maps have been investigated. In addition, the interrelationships between this kind of maps and other well-known related neutrosophic maps have been discussed. On the other hand, new class of generalized neutrosophic maps namely, neutrosophic δ-ß-irresolute maps has been studied, and some of the essential properties concerning of this class of generalized neutrosophic maps have been introduced. Moreover, various suitable examples to support of these results have been provided.  

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Vol. 21 Issue. 4 PP. 21-29, (2023)

An approach to singular modules by indeterminacy concept

Majid Mohammed Abed , Abdulsalam F. Talak , Firas N. Hameed

In this article, we characterize a singular module and present several new strong relationships with neutrosophic (NC) properties. Some properties and characterizations neutrosophic of singular modules are given. Also, different basic results about these modules are considered. Moreover; for a (R  I)-module; if NC(M I) over NC(R I), then NC(Z(M I)) ≤ NC(M I). Any neutrosophic simple module is either nonsingular or singular. On the other hand, if NC(RUI) has no zero divisors then NC(Z(MUI)) = NC(T(MUI)) where NC(T(MUI)) is a neutrosophic torsion module.  Finally, some definitions and properties of neutrosophic singular module have been presented in this article.

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Vol. 21 Issue. 4 PP. 30-35, (2023)

Neutrosophic exponentiated inverse Rayleigh distribution: Properties and Applications

Mazin M. Alanaz , Zakariya Yahya Algamal

In the field of survival analysis, the exponentiated inverse Rayleigh distribution is used to simulate lifetime data practices of human. In order to describe diverse survival data with indeterminacies, this work aims to create a generalization of the traditional pattern exponentiated inverse Rayleigh distribution, referred to as the neutrosophic exponentiated inverse Rayleigh distribution (NEIRD). In particular, modeling uncertain data that is roughly positively skewed makes use of the established distribution. The key statistical characteristics of the developed NEIRD, such as the neutrosophic survival function, neutrosophic hazard rate and neutrosophic moments, are discussed in this study. Additionally, in a neutrosophic well-known maximum likelihood estimation approach is used to estimate the neutrosophic parameters. A simulation study is conducted to determine whether the estimated neutrosophic parameters were achieved. Last but not least, real data has been used to discuss the potential NEIRD applications in the real world. The effectiveness of the suggested model in comparison to the existing distributions was demonstrated by real data.

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Vol. 21 Issue. 4 PP. 36-42, (2023)

Study of the Effectiveness of Hypopressive Abdominal Training as Physiotherapeutic Treatment in Lumbosciatica in Adults Using Neutrosophic Statistics

Lisbeth Josefina Reales C. , Victoria E. Pastor , Rosa E. Aldaz Sanchez , Josselyn G. Bonilla Ayala

This work was developed at the Dr. Publio Escobar Gómez Hospital in Ecuador. The objective is to reduce pain and tone the abdominal and back muscles in adults with lumbosciatica through the application of hypopressive abdominal training to help reintroduce the adult to their work and social activities. We worked with a population of 25 male and female adult patients, with an age range from 30 to 50 years old. To process the collected data, we determined that classical statistics are too restrictive in terms of the hypotheses to fulfill. For example, the initial evaluation employing the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) that assesses the intensity of pain is subjective and depends on the pain threshold of each patient, moreover, the size of the population is not large (<30), therefore it is not possible to carry out a study with the rigor required by classical statistics to infer. That is why we have decided to use neutrosophic statistics to process the data, which will consist of pain scales in the form of intervals, which will contain indeterminacy. The statistical test selected was the T-test for paired samples. In addition to the fact that neutrosophic statistics admit the principles of De Finetti's subjective probabilities and the statistics derived from it, where objective evidence through a random sample is not needed to reach valid conclusions.

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Vol. 21 Issue. 4 PP. 43-53, (2023)

A Neutrosophic approach to Youth University Entrepreneurship in Peru, Based on the Indeterminate Likert Scale

Ketty M. Moscoso-Paucarchuco , Edgar Gutiérrez-Gómez , M. Michael Beraún-Espíritu , Rosa C. González-Ríos , Mary A. Cárdenas-Bustamante

This paper aims to determine the level of potential and effective capacity of university youth entrepreneurship in Peru, analyzed from the indicators of social skills, attitude towards opportunities, cognitive skills, positive self-assessment and continuity, and finally coping skills. The research was carried out in four public and private universities in the country (National Autonomous University of Huanta, National University San Cristóbal de Huamanga, Universidad Peruana los Andes, and Universidad Continental), and the sample was 120 students, 30 from each university. A survey of 50 questions was used, 25 of each dimension, the instrument was validated by expert judgment, with a very good applicability opinion. The authors of the article decided to replace the traditional Likert scale with an Indeterminate Likert Scale since in this way the opinion of the respondents is more accurately taken into account. The Indeterminate Likert Scale allows the respondent to give a degree of opinion in every one of the possible answers, instead of selecting a single answer. In this way, the respondent can more reliably express their feelings and thoughts that may contain contradictions. The survey was supported by a graph that allowed the respondents to make the evaluations without the need to delve into the neutrosophic theory. The survey data were statistically processed to carry out the study with the help of Spearman's rho coefficient.

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Vol. 21 Issue. 4 PP. 54-64, (2023)

Neutrosophic Lindley distribution with application for Alloying Metal Melting Point

Mazin M. Alanaz , Marwah Yahya Mustafa , Zakariya Yahya Algamal