International Journal of Neutrosophic Science

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2690-6805ISSN (Online) 2692-6148ISSN (Print)

On n-Refined Neutrosophic Vector Spaces For Some Special Values 3≤ n ≤6

Nabil Khuder Salman , Bolívar Villalta Jadan , Marcos Lalama Flores

This work is dedicated to study some different types of n-refined neutrosophic vector spaces for different values of n between 3 and 6. Where we present some related algebraic concepts such as 3-refined neutrosophic homomorphism, 4-refined neutrosophic homomorphism, 5-refined neutrosophic homomorphism, and 6-refined neutrosophic homomorphism. Also, we provide some theorems to clarify the algebraic behaviour of 3-refined, 4-refined, 5-refined, and 6-refined neutrosophic subspaces.

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Vol. 23 Issue. 2 PP. 08-15, (2024)

A Study of Systems of Neutrosophic Linear Equations

Maissam Jdid , Florentin Smarandache

Operations research methods are among the modern scientific methods that have occupied a prominent place among the mathematical methods used in planning and managing various economic and military activities. They have been able to help specialists in developing ideal plans in terms of costs, production, storage, or investment of human energies. One of its most important methods is the method Linear programming, which was built based on the sets of linear equations that represent the constraints for any linear model. Based on the methods for solving the systems of linear equations, researchers were able to prepare algorithms for solving linear models, such as the direct Simplex algorithm and its modifications. After the emergence of neutrosophic science, we found that research methods had to be reformulated. Operations using the concepts of this science, and as a basis and foundation for neutrosophic linear programming. In this research, we will reformulate the systems of linear equations and some methods for solving them using the concepts of neutrosophic to be a basis for any study presented in the field of neutrosophic linear programming.

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Vol. 23 Issue. 2 PP. 16-25, (2024)

On The Classification of 3-Cyclic/4-Cyclic Refined Neutrosophic Real and Rational Von Shtawzen's Group

Narek Badjajian , Maikel Leyva Vazquez , Batista Hernández Noel

This paper aims to solve the group of units problem for 3-cyclic real and rational refined neutrosophic rings and 4-cyclic real and rational refined neutrosophic rings, where ring isomorphisms between the real/rational 3-cyclic and 4-cyclic refined neutrosophic rings and the direct product of some field extensions of Q and R. These isomorphisms will help in classifying the group of units of each studied ring in terms of direct products of classical well-known abelian groups. Also, we use the classification isomorphisms to determine all ideals in these classes of algebraic rings.

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Vol. 23 Issue. 2 PP. 26-31, (2024)

CSsEv: Modelling QoS Metrics in Tree Soft Toward Cloud Services Evaluator based on Uncertainty Environment

Mona Gharib , Florentin Smarandache , Mona Mohamed

Cloud computing (ClC) has become a more popular computer paradigm in the preceding few years. Quality of Service (QoS) is becoming a crucial issue in service alteration because of the rapid growth in the number of cloud services. When evaluating cloud service functioning using several performance measures, the issue becomes more complex and non-trivial. It is therefore quite difficult and crucial for consumers to choose the best cloud service. The user's choices are provided in a quantifiable manner in the current methods for choosing cloud services. Hence, this study attempts to achieve this objective through construction. decision-making framework so-called cloud services evaluator (CSsEv). The main indicator and its sub-indicators are formed as nodes at levels(n) in tree soft sets (TSSs). Thereafter Single Value Neutrosophic Sets (SVNSs) as branch of neutrosophic sets which conjunction with the Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) technique to facilitate analysis and evaluation process for the available Cloud services providers. Hence, entropy is employed to obtain indicators and sub_indicators’ weights and Complex Proportional Assessment utilizes these weights to facilitate the decision process of selecting optimal ClSPs.

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Vol. 23 Issue. 2 PP. 32-41, (2024)

Single Valued Neutrosophic HyperSoft Set based on VIKOR Method for 5G Architecture Selection

Florentin Smarandache , Ahmed M. Ali , Ahmed Abdelhafeez

This work introduces the framework for selecting architecture in 5G networks, considering various technological, performance, economic, and operational factors. With the emergence of 5G technology, the architecture selection process has become pivotal in meeting diverse requirements for ultra-high-speed connectivity, low latency, scalability, and diverse service demands. The evaluation comprehensively analyses different architecture options, including centralized, distributed, cloud-based, and virtualized architectures. Factors such as network performance, scalability, cost-effectiveness, security, and compatibility are considered within a multi-criteria decision-making framework. Findings reveal each architecture option's diverse strengths and limitations, emphasizing the importance of aligning architectural choices with specific use cases, deployment scenarios, and business objectives. We used the concept of multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methodology to control the various criteria. We used the single-valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) to deal with vague and inconsistent data. The SVNS is integrated with the hyperSoft set. The proposed methodology uses a single-valued neutrosophic hyperSoft set (SVNHSS) to select the best 5G architecture. We used the VIKOR method as an MCDM method to rank the alternatives. The proposed framework provides stakeholders with a structured methodology to evaluate and prioritize architecture options, facilitating informed decision-making in the complex landscape of 5G network deployments.

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Vol. 23 Issue. 2 PP. 42-52, (2024)

Neutrosophic Topological Vector Spaces and its Properties

E. Kungumaraj , E. Lathanayagam , Utpal Saikia , M. Clement Joe Anand , Sakshi Taaresh Khanna , Nivetha Martin , Mohit Tiwari , Seyyed Ahmad Edalatpanah

The algebraic structures Group, Ring, Field and Vector spaces are important innovations in Mathematics. Most of the theoretical concepts of Mathematics are based on the theorems related to these algebraic structures. Initially many mathematicians developed theorems related to all these algebraic structures. In 20th century most of the researchers introduced the theorems on the algebraic structures with Fuzzy and Intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Recently in 21st century the researchers concentrated on Neutrosophic sets and introduced the algebraic structures like Neutrosophic Group, Neutrosophic Ring, Neutrosophic Field, Neutrosophic Vector spaces and Neutrosophic Linear Transformation. In the current scenario of relating the spaces with the structures, we have introduced the concepts of Neutrosophic topological vector spaces. In this article, the study of Neutrosophic Topological vector spaces has been initiated. Some basic definitions and properties of classical vector spaces are generalized in Neutrosophic environment over a Neutrosophic field with continuous functions. Neutrosophic linear transformations and their properties are also included in Neutrosophic Topological Vector spaces.  This article is an extension work of fuzzy and intuitionistic fuzzy vector spaces which were introduced in fuzzy and intuitionistic fuzzy environments. Even though it is an extension work, Neutrosophic Topological Vector space will play an important role in Neural Networks, Image Processing, Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence Algorithms.

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Vol. 23 Issue. 2 PP. 63-76, (2024)