1 Affiliation : Regional Autonomous University of the Andes (UNIANDES), Babahoyo, Ecuador
Email : email@example.com
2 Affiliation : Regional Autonomous University of the Andes (UNIANDES), Babahoyo, Ecuador
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Affiliation : Regional Autonomous University of the Andes (UNIANDES), Babahoyo, Ecuador
Email : email@example.com
This study is based on conducting surveys and multicriteria decision methods to determine the main factors influencing youth violence in Ecuador. To do this, a sample made up of young perpetrators of various types of crimes and other agents involved in the process in the city of Guayaquil is analyzed. The analysis carried out is based on the use of the DEMATEL method in its neutrosophic version so that the indeterminacies of the real world can be handled. The result obtained reveals that the factors with the highest incidence in youth violence in the analyzed sample are substance abuse or delinquency by parents, poor surveillance and supervision of children by parents, poor disciplinary practices, and emotional deficiencies of the parents, as well as exposure to domestic violence. It is recommended that prevention actions to minimize the proliferation of youth violence focus on these aspects for greater optimization of the results.
youth violence; DEMATEL; neutrosophy; Ecuador; causal factors
 WHO, “Youth Violence,” 2021.
 EG Krug, LL Dahlberg, JA Mercy, and AB Zwi, “World Report on Violence and Health,” Geneva, 2003.
 JL Díaz, F. De la Peña, JA Suárez, and L. Palacios, "Current perspective of youth violence.," MedUNAB, vol. 7, no. 20, pp. 115-124, 2004.
 EG Krug, JA Mercy, LL Dahlberg, and AB Zwi, “The world report on violence and health.,” Washington, DC, 2002.
 JA Mercy, ML Rosenberg, KE Powell, CV Broome, and WL Roper, “Public health policy for preventing violence, ”Health Aff., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 7–29, 1993.
 LP Mejia Guerrero, VE Abramovich, KR Clare, PS Pinheiro, F. Meléndez, and PG Carozza, “Report on Citizen Security and Human Rights.,” 2009.
 A. PAPADOVASSILAKIS, "Bloody murders indicate escalation of criminal violence in Ecuador," InSight Crime, 2021..
 G. George-Ufot, Y. Qu, and IJ Orji, "Sustainable lifestyle factors influencing industries' electric consumption patterns using Fuzzy logic and DEMATEL: The Nigerian perspective.," J. Clean. Prod., vol. 162, pp. 624–634, 2017.
 LM Chávez, OFS Montoya, and DVG Mayorga, “DEMATEL NEUTROSÓFICO APPLIED TO THE STUDY OF THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE EXTRACONTRACTUAL COMMITMENT OF THE ECUADORIAN STATE. Infinite Study., ”Investig. OPERATIONAL, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 622–628, 2020.
 A. Awang, ATA Ghani, L. Abdullah, and MF Ahmad, "A DEMATEL method with single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) in identifying the key contribution factors of Setiu Wetland's coastal erosion," AIP Conf. Proc., vol. 1974, 2018, doi: 10.1063 / 1.5041542.
 F. Smarandache, A unifying field in logics. neutrosophy: Neutrosophic probability, set and logic. 1999.
 MYL Vázquez and FF Smarandache, "Decision Support System Based on Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps for Institutions Serving Pregnancies with High Risk for Cardiovascular Diseases," Rev. Cuba. Informative sciences, vol. 13, pp. 16–29, 2019.
 M. Abdel-Basset, M. Mohamed, F. Smarandache, and AHP Neutrosophic, "An Extension of for Strategic Planning and Decision-Making.," Symmetry 116, vol. 10, no. 4 SRC-BaiduScholar FG-0, 2018.
 M. Mullai and R. Surya, "Neutrosophic Inventory Backorder Problem Using Triangular Neutrosophic Numbers," Neutrosophic Sets Syst., vol. 31, pp. 148-155, 2020.
 H. Wang, F. Smarandache, R. Sunderraman, and YQ Zhang, "Interval neutrosophic sets and logic: theory and applications in computing: Theory and applications in computing," Infin. Study, vol. 5, 2005.
 L. Zadeh, G. Klir, and B. Yuan, Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Logic, and Fuzzy Systems: Selected Articles, Vol. 6. World Scientific, 1996.
 JL Salmeron and F. Smarandache, “Redesigning Decision Matrix Method with an indeterminacy-based inference process. Multispace and Multistructure. , "Neutrosophic Transdiscipl. (100 Collect. Pap. Sci., vol. 4, p. 151, 2010.
 D. Xu, X. Wei, H. Ding, and H. Bin, "A new method based on PROMETHEE and TODIM for multi-attribute decision-making with single-valued neutrosophic sets.," Mathematics, vol. 8, no. 10, p. 1816, 2020.
 P. Biswas, S. Pramanik, and BC Giri, "TOPSIS method for multi-attribute group decision-making under single-valued neutrosophic environment.," Neural Comput. Appl., vol. 27, no. 3, 2016.
 J. Zou, Y. Deng, Y. Hu, and G. Lin, "Measure distance between neutrosophic sets: An evidential approach.," Infin. Study, 2018.
 S. Pramanik, R. Mallick, and A. Dasgupta, "Contributions of selected indian researchers to multi attribute decision making in neutrosophic environment: an overview.," Neutrosophic Sets Syst., vol. 20, pp. 109-130, 2018.