1 Affiliation : Regional Autonomous University of the Andes (UNIANDES), Ibarra, Ecuador
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Affiliation : Regional Autonomous University of the Andes (UNIANDES), Ibarra, Ecuador
Email : email@example.com
3 Affiliation : Regional Autonomous University of the Andes (UNIANDES), Ibarra, Ecuador
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
The application of the principle of innocence in Ecuador has irregularities since there has been an abuse of preventive detention, violating the constitutional and normative principle of the presumption of innocence. The justification for the preventive detention lies in the alleged need to ensure the accused's appearance. This turns this form of insurance into an early conviction because by proving his innocence at the hearing,the accused has already been unjustly deprived of his freedom, which leads him to suffer another series of damages. Therefore, it is necessary to study the subject to determine how to achieve its proper application. Thus, the main objective of this research is to analyze the legal panorama on the adequate application of the principle of innocence. For this, the neutrosophic Iadov method was applied to measure satisfaction with the regulatory legislation to determine an action plan for its correct application with the use of neutrosophic cognitive maps.
neutrosophic Iadov; principle of innocence; neutrosophic cognitive maps
 F. de Jong and L. Van Lent, "The presumption of innocence as a counterfactual principle,"
Utrecht Law Review, vol. 12, pp. 32-49, 2016.
 A. J. Peñafiel Palacios, J. Estupiñán Ricardo, I. A. Cruz Piza, and M. E. España Herrería,
"Phenomenological hermeneutical method and neutrosophic cognitive maps in the causal
analysis of transgressions against the homeless," Neutrosophic sets and systems, vol. 44, p. 1-
 J. E. Ricardo, Z. M. M. Rosado, E. K. C. Pataron, and V. Y. V. Vargas, "Measuring legal and
socioeconomic effect of the declared debtors usign the ahp technique in a neutrosophic
framework," Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 44, pp. 357-366, 2021.
 J. L. R. Villafuerte, L. D. T. Torres, and L. T. Jimenez, "Neutrosophic Hypothesis to validate a
modification for Article 630 of the Integral Organic Criminal Code of Ecuador," Neutrosophic
Sets and Systems, pp. 260-267, 2020.
 R. G. Ortega, M. D. O. Rodríguez, M. L. Vázquez, J. E. Ricardo, J. A. S. Figueiredo, and F.
Smarandache, "Pestel analysis based on neutrosophic cognitive maps and neutrosophic
numbers for the sinos river basin management," Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 26, pp.
 N. Batista-Hernandez, N. Valcarcel-Izquierdo, M. Leyva-Vazquez, and F. Smarandache,
"Validation of the pedagogical strategy for the formation of the competence entrepreneurship
in high education through the use of neutrosophic logic and Iadov technique," Neutrosophic
Sets and Systems,, vol. 23, pp. 45–51, 2018.
 N. B. Hernández, N. V. Izquierdo, M. Leyva-Vázquez, and F. Smarandache, Validation of the
pedagogical strategy for the formation of the competence entrepreneurship in high education
through the use of neutrosophic logic and Iadov technique: Infinite Study, 2018.
 W. Alfredo-Cacpata, A. S. Gil-Betancourt, N. J. Enríquez-Guanga, and K. T. Castillo-Núñez,
"Validation of the proof reversal on the inexistence of untimely dismissal by using
neutrosophic IADOV technique," Neutrosophic Sets and Systems,, vol. 26, pp. 45–51, 2019.
 D. Andrade-Santamaría, J. Washington, S. Andachi, and O. F. Silva-Montoya, "Method for
Evaluating the Principle of Interculturality in the Custodial Sentence using the Iadov
Technique," Neutrosophic Sets and Systems,, vol. 37, pp. 125–131, 2020.
 J. E. Ricardo, J. J. D. Menéndez, and R. L. M. Manzano, "University integration, current
challenge in the 21st century," Conrad Magazine,, vol. 16, pp. 51–58, 2020.
 C. F. R. Squilanda, J. A. E. Diaz, and S. B. G. Gallegos, "Validation of a Reform Project
forArticle 223 of The Ecuadorian Civil Code Through the Use Of Iadov Techniques and
Neutrosophic Logic," Neutrosophic Sets and Systems,, vol. 37, pp. 302–307, 2020.
 V. V. Falcón, J. L. T. Espinoza, A. R. L. Yacelga, and L. O. A. Zambrano, "Managing
Contradictions in Software Engineering Investigations using the Neutrosophic IADOV
Method," Neutrosophic Sets and Systems,, vol. 44, pp. 100–107, 2021.
 W. B. Vasantha, I. Kandasamy, and F. Smarandache, "Algebraic Structure of Neutrosophic
Duplets in Neutrosophic Rings < Z U I>,< Q U I> and < R U I.>," Neutrosophic Sets and
Systems,, vol. 23, pp. 85–95, 2018.
 M. Leyva-Vázquez, K. Pérez-Teruel, C. A. Febles-Estrada, and C. J. Gulín-González, "Causal
knowledge representation techniques: A case study in medical informatics," Revista Cubana de
Informacion en Ciencias de la Salud, vol. 24, pp. 73-83, 2013.
 K. Pérez-Teruel, M. Leyva-Vázquez, and V. Estrada-Sentí, "Mental models consensus process
using fuzzy cognitive maps and computing with words," Ingenieria y Universidad, vol. 19, pp.
 S. H. S. Al-Subhi, I. Pérez-Pupo, R. García-Vacacela, P. Y. Piñero-Pérez, and M. Y. Leyva-
Vázquez, "A New Neutrosophic Cognitive Map with Neutrosophic Sets on Connections,
Application in Project Management," Neutrosophic Sets and Systems,, vol. 22, pp. 63-75, 2018.
 S. H. Al-Subhi, P. P. Pérez, R. García-Vacacela, G. Sadeq, S. Mahdi, and L. Alvarado-Acuña,
"Decision support system during project management based on Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps,"
Operational Research Magazine, vol. 41, pp. 768–779, 2020.
 R. M. Axelrod, Structure of decision: The cognitive maps of political elites. Princeton:
Princeton University Press, 1976.
 F. Smarandache, A Unifying Field in Logics: Neutrosophic Logic. Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic
Set, Neutrosophic Probability: Neutrsophic Logic. Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Set,
Neutrosophic Probability: Infinite Study, 2005.
 W. V. Kandasamy, Fuzzy Neutrosophic Models for Social Scientists: Education Publisher Inc.,
 J. L. Salmeron and F. Smarandache, "Redesigning Decision Matrix Method with an
indeterminacy-based inference process. Multispace and Multistructure," in Neutrosophic
Transdisciplinarity (100 Collected Papers of Sciences). vol. 4, ed, 2010.
 R. B. Lara, S. G. Espinosa, A. Martín-Ravelo, and M. Y. Leyva-Vázquez, "Model for static
analysis in fuzzy graphs based on composite indicators of centrality," Cuban Journal of
Computer Sciences, vol. 9, pp. 52–65, 2015.
 N. V. Kuzmina, Investigative methods of pedagogical activity. Moscow: Editorial Leningrade,
 V. Gonzalez, "Bachelor's Thesis: Professional Motivation and Personality," University of
Sucre, Sucre, 1994.
 F. Smarandache, M. A. Quiroz-Martínez, J. E. Ricardo, N. B. Hernández, and M. Y. L.
Vázquez, "Application of neutrosophic offsets for digital image processing," Investigacion
Operacional, vol. 41, pp. 603-611, 2020.
 A. H. Calzada, "Ph.D. Thesis: e-SAEPEF: System of activities to promote formative
assessment in physics teaching," University of the Balearic Islands, Balearic Islands, 2013.
 E. G. Caballero, F. Smarandache, and M. L. Vázquez, "On neutrosophic offuninorms,"
Symmetry, vol. 11, 2019.
 M. Leyva-Vázquez, K. Pérez-Teruel, and R. I. John, "A model for enterprise architecture
scenario analysis based on fuzzy cognitive maps and OWA operators," in CONIELECOMP
2014 - 24th International Conference on Electronics, Communications and Computers, 2014,