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International Journal of Neutrosophic Science
Volume 13 , Issue 2, PP: 95-103 , 2021 | Cite this article as | XML |PDF


Leading From Powerlessness: A Third-way Neutrosophic Leadership Model For Developing Countries

Authors Names :   Victor Christianto   1 *     Florentin Smarandache   2  

1  Affiliation :  Malang Institute of Agriculture (IPM), Malang – INDONESIA

    Email :  victorchristianto@gmail.com

2  Affiliation :  Dept. Mathematics & Sciences, University of New Mexico, Gallup, USA

    Email :  smarand@unm.edu

Doi   :   https://doi.org/10.54216/IJNS.130205

Received:November 20, 2020 Accepted: Feburary 19, 2021

Abstract :


We argue that there are essentially two chief leadership models: the hard-style and soft-style leadership. From Neutrosophic point of view, there can be a third way, between hard-style leadership and soft-style leadership model, which may be more relevant to many of people in developing countries as well as in developed countries, who feel “powerless” and “hopeless” especially in this pandemic situation. We prefer to call this new approach: leading from powerlessness. The third-way Neutrosophic leadership model may also mean partially hard-style and partially soft-style leadership.


Keywords :


Leadership development , leading from powerlessness , leading at zero , community leaders , developing countries , neutrosophic logic , Leipzig Leadership Model.


References :

[1]   Timo Meynhardt, et al. Powerful or powerless? Beyond power and powerlessness: the Leipzig Leadership Model provides some answers. Leadership, Education, Personality: An Interdisciplinary Journal (2019) 1:29–33. https://doi.org/10.1365/s42681-020-00007-0

[2]   Timo Meynhardt. Value creation in the eyes of society. In book: Public Value Deepening, Enriching, and Broadening the Theory and Practice (pp.5-39). Publisher: Routledge, 2019.

[3]   Tessen von Heydebreck & Leipzig Graduate School of Management. Das Leipziger Führungsmodell. HHL ACADEMIC PRESS, 2017.

[4]   Alvin Toffler. 1970. Future shock. London: Bodley Head, Reprinted 1972. London: Pan Books.

[5]   Richard A. Slaughter. url: Future_Shock_to Soc_Foresight_2002 (richardslaughter.com.au)

[6]   Steven Furtick. (Un)-qualified. Jakarta: Light Publisher.

[7]   Joe Vitale. Zero limit. url: Zero Limits (app.co.id)

[8]   V. Christianto & F. Smarandache. A Review of Coaching Leadership Style in Transformational Leadership Practices.  viXra.org e-Print archive, viXra:2007.0117

[9]   V. Christianto. An adventure from Wave Mechanics to Christocentric Cosmology Model. 1606.0317v1.pdf (vixra.org)

Cite this Article as :
Victor Christianto , Florentin Smarandache, Leading From Powerlessness: A Third-way Neutrosophic Leadership Model For Developing Countries, International Journal of Neutrosophic Science, Vol. 13 , No. 2 , (2021) : 95-103 (Doi   :  https://doi.org/10.54216/IJNS.130205)